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ISSUE 12.21
May. 24, 2013

RECENT ISSUES:
12/04 | 11/27 | 11/20 | 11/13

Index

News :
Polarizing debate avoided -- for now
Legislative Agenda :
On tap: Ethics, restructuring
Radar Screen :
Road funding not even an appetizer
Palmetto Politics :
Haley blows it on ethics
Commentary :
Pay more than lip service to better government
Spotlight :
Maybank Industries
My Turn :
What's I've learned over 30 years
Feedback :
Thanks for attention to poverty
Scorecard :
From (more) kindergarten to (less) Haley
Stegelin :
Just walk it off
Megaphone :
The wrong spokesman
Tally Sheet :
Search for legislative bills
Encyclopedia :
Jazz in South Carolina

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Time is running out for you to reserve a spot at our two conferences  to explore civic engagement with experts discussing South Carolina's economic, educational,  governmental and health care systems.
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NUMBER OF THE WEEK

3

Overtaking Mississippi.  You might find it hard to believe that South Carolina now ranks THIRD in the nation in poverty with some 19 percent of state residents living in poverty, according to Census figures.  We've overtaken Mississippi, which has just over 17 percent of people in poverty. We're still behind New Mexico (22.2 percent) and Louisiana (21.1 percent).
 
In 1980, South Carolina had 534,000 people at or below the poverty level, a rate of 16.8 percent.  By 2010, the rate grew to 17 percent, or 767,000 people.  In the latest figures, some 874,000 South Carolinians live in poverty.  According to KidsCount, some 27.5 percent of South Carolina children live in poverty.

MEGAPHONE

The wrong spokesman

“Having [Gov. Nikki Haley] lead this charge is sort of like having Barry Bonds call for stronger drug testing.”

-- State Sen. Brad Hutto (D-Orangeburg), criticizing Gov. Nikki Haley’s chastising of the General Assembly for not moving faster on ethics reform. He went on to say that ethics reform was needed thanks to her actions. More.

TALLY SHEET

Search for legislative bills

House and Senate members introduced scores of congratulatory resolutions as the session winds to a close. But they added few substantive bills. Key ones to note include:

Landfills. S. 717 (Matthews) calls on DHECK to impose a landfill permit moratorium until 2017, with other provisions.

Pilot program. S. 722 (Ford) is a pilot program for granting scholarships to disabled students to attend private schools.

Infrastructure Bank. S. 731 (Leatherman) calls for the State Infrastructure Bank to match its monies from non-tax sources to appropriated state dollars for highway engineering permanent improvements, with several provisions.

Texting. H. 4179 (Atwater) would prohibit texting while driving, with several definitions.

Abortion. H. 4223 (Nanney) calls for the “S.C. pain-capable unborn child protection act,” with many provisions.

Find any bill through these links:

ENCYCLOPEDIA

Jazz in South Carolina

South Carolina has been home to an impressive number of nationally prominent jazz figures as well as the site of many high-caliber jazz activities, including major festivals, comprehensive jazz education programs, and even an award-winning radio show.

Although Cheraw native and bebop pioneer Dizzy Gillespie, a major influence on modern jazz trumpeters, is the best-known and most historically significant jazz musician to have come from the state, many other important performers were either born or spent their formative years in South Carolina, some being alumni of the world-famous youth bands of Charleston's Jenkins Orphanage. Among the earliest South Carolinians to make names for themselves outside the state were tuba player Pete Briggs, who recorded with Louis Armstrong in 1927; trumpeter Jabbo Smith, regarded by many in the 1920s as  a serious rival to Armstrong himself; preeminent alto saxophonist Willie Smith; and popular trumpeters Peanuts Holland and Gus Aitken.


Gillespie

The Duke Ellington Orchestra included South Carolinians such as trumpeters Bubber Miley, Cat Anderson, and Taft Jordan; clarinetist and saxophonist Jimmy Hamilton; and drummer Rufus Jones. South Carolinians who performed with Count Basie include his longtime guitarist Freddie Green, trumpeter Pete Minger and saxophonist John C. Williams. Charleston's Fud Livingston became an important arranger for many swing bands. Players who rose to prominence in modern times include saxophonists Lucky Thompson, Odean Pope, Houston Person, Bob Belden and Chris Potter; guitarist James Blood immigration; drummer Alphonse Mouton; and trombonist Ron Westray.

Two major jazz festivals have brought scores of famous musicians to the state. Since 1980 the annual Spoleto Festival USA in Charleston has presented dozens of top stars, including such luminaries as the Count Basie and Duke Ellington orchestras, Stan Getz, Gerry Mulligan, Sarah Vaughan, Chick Corea, Sonny Rollins, Wayne Shorter, George Shearing, Dianne Reeves and many more. And for ten years, starting in 1987, Columbia's Main Street Jazz annually imported performers of a similar quality.

Educational institutions, arts presenters, and other organizations bring leading performers to the state on a regular basis. The Hilton Head Jazz Society, founded in 1986, imports name musicians to raise funds for its jazz scholarship program and present master classes at the local schools. The group also holds monthly concerts featuring regional artists.

In the late 1950s, one of the first collegiate jazz bands on the east coast was organized at Newberry College. Shortly afterwards the Newberry College High School Jazz Festival was founded to allow student jazz bands to perform for ratings and comments by nationally known clinicians. Later, after the formation of the South Carolina unit of the National Association of Jazz Educators (now the International Association for Jazz Education) to promote jazz education in the state, the Newberry festival, in conjunction with that organization, introduced the South Carolina All-State High School Jazz Ensemble, whose members are selected by audition from throughout the state.

At the start of the twenty-first century, many of the state's secondary and postsecondary educational institutions provided some form of jazz in their curricula. Offerings included ensembles, classroom courses, clinics conducted by professional artists, and even full majors in jazz. The University of South Carolina at Columbia offered curricula leading to both bachelor's and master's degrees in jazz studies. The South Carolina Jazz Hall of Fame, founded at South Carolina State College in the late 1970s, honors outstanding students, professionals, and support personnel. In 1985 Dizzy Gillespie became its first professional inductee.

The citizens of South Carolina have regular access to high quality jazz through the offerings of South Carolina Educational Television (SCETV) and the South Carolina Educational Radio Network (SCERN). The latter not only brings the music to citizens throughout the state in the form of locally produced and nationally syndicated programs, but has for more than two decades produced the nationally distributed, Peabody Award-winning "Marian McPartland's Piano Jazz," a weekly program featuring the highly regarded pianist and her guests. In the year 2000, the network's Rock Hill station began to broadcast jazz exclusively and continuously.

Excerpted from the entry by David Franklin. To read more about this or 2,000 other entries about South Carolina, check out The South Carolina Encyclopedia by USC Press. (Information used by permission.)

PALMETTO PRIORITIES

Palmetto Priorities Statehouse Report encourages state leaders to develop and implement Palmetto Priorities involving several issues to make the state better a better place. Click the link to learn more about our suggestions for bipartisan policy objectives.

Here is a summary of our Palmetto Priorities:

CORRECTIONS: Reduce the prison population by 25 percent by 2020.

EDUCATION: Cut the state's dropout rate in half by 2020.

ELECTIONS: Increase voter registration to 75 percent by 2015.

ENVIRONMENT: Adopt a state energy policy that requires energy producers to generate 20 percent of energy from renewable sources by 2020.

ETHICS: Overhaul state ethics laws.

HEALTH CARE: Ensure affordable and accessible health care.

JOBS: Develop a Cabinet-level post to add, retain 10,000 small business jobs per year.

POLITICS: Have a vigorous two- or multi-party political system of governance.

ROADS: Strengthen all bridges and upgrade state roads by 2015.

SAFETY: Cut the state's violent crime rate by one-third by 2016.

TAX REFORM: Remove outdated special interest sales tax exemptions as part of an overall reform of the state's tax structure to be completed by 2014.

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News

Polarizing debate avoided -- for now

By Bill Davis, senior editor

MAY 24, 2013 -- Don’t get too excited that the state Senate passed a budget late last night for the coming 2013-14 fiscal year. The real work ain’t over yet.

The $6.3 billion budget of state tax dollars was the result of compromise by the three corners of the Senate – Democrats, country club Republicans and tea party conservatives.

As outlined in last week’s issue, Finance Chair Sen. Hugh Leatherman (R-Florence) was able to get Democrats to vote with moderate Republicans for the budget. He sweetened the pot a little via funding for roads and enhanced funding for 4-year-old education programs.

Initially, Senate Democrats dug in their heels over GOP recalcitrance of expanding Medicaid through federal health care reform that would have brought in billions of matching dollars.

But with House Majority Leader Bruce Bannister (R-Greenville) promising a quick death for any budget package that included a direct nod to Obamacare, many in the Statehouse said they knew it was just a matter of time before Senate Dems caved.

State Sen. Joel Lourie (D-Columbia) said that Medicaid expansion was likely “two years away” in the legislature due to current political will and an election in the House next year.

This year’s deal

The Senate budget that passed Thursday night included a $50 million chunk of recurring money for the state’s Infrastructure Bank to use to issue a bond of up to $500 million. That money is to fund the start of work on billions of dollars of maintenance and construction projects that the Department of Transportation has said is need for the state’s roads and bridges. The line item mirrored a bill put forward earlier this session by Senate Minority Leader Nikki Setzler (D-W. Columbia).

The 4K money -- $30 million every year -- would expand early education programs across the state.

Senate Democratic Caucus spokesman Phil Bailey said 4K expansion had been a caucus agenda priority this year, but he wasn’t sure if roads or additional school money would survive a House vote on the amended budget.

Additionally, Bailey said the budget would once again have to be hashed out in a compromise agreement struck between the House and Senate in a conference committee, where a trio of members from each chamber will be selected to debate remaining issues.

Members of both chambers groused this week that certain senators were purposefully slowing the progress on the budget because the Senate as a whole was not excited about dealing with the last two major items on its agenda: ethics reform and the creation of a new Department of Administration.

Several legislators said one of the main reasons the Senate was reluctant to deal with ethics reform because actions Gov. Nikki Haley allegedly took while still a member of the House. Haley has been accused several times of ethics violations, only to be vindicated each time. Regardless, several legislators from both sides of the aisle said the Senate saw itself as getting “beat up” for Haley’s alleged actions.

A new political triangle

While the Senate budget package has survived the triangulation between its Democrats and country club Republicans and tea partiers, the creation of an Administration agency will have its own intriguing political triangle.

The agency would, as proposed, take over many of the functions of the state’s fiscal offices, including the Budget and Control Board, and largely be housed in the governor’s cabinet.

Many observers expect Sen. Vincent Sheheen (D-Camden) to continue to lead the fight for the creation of Administration, something he made a plank out of in his unsuccessful gubernatorial campaign against Haley. As such, he will fight for authorship of the agency in the face of Haley’s similar pitch.

But if Sheheen wants to see a Department of Administration to happen, he has to mollify members of his own chamber, especially moderate Republicans who are concerned about ceding any power to the executive branch.

The major concern is who will handle the state’s procurement powers. But that has been largely handled recently through an amendment that takes it out of the governor’s hands and making a five-member board oversee the state’s enormous buying power.

Crystal ball: It’s perhaps not too surprising that in a year that saw a marked increase in tax revenues for a cash-strapped state, politics seemed to once again play a bigger role in crafting a budget than in recent years. When there was no money, there was not as much to fight over. But as state coffers fill, so do political agenda items. The problem here is that with politics once again bullying policy, the budget process could get bogged down in yet another political triangle - - the one that exists between the House, the Senate and the governor’s veto pen. And that could mean a likely return to Columbia this summer for a special legislative session. Or worse: it could force implementation of a bill that would freeze state spending at current levels until a compromise is found.

Bill Davis is editor of Statehouse Report.  He can be reached at:  billdavis@statehousereport.com. Recent news stories include:

Legislative Agenda

On tap: Ethics, restructuring

With the Senate passing its budget package this week, its debates next week will center on ethics reform and the creation of a Department of Administration.

And with that budget passed, the ball is now in the House’s court. It will shoot down the budget, which will lead to three members from each body being named to a conference committee to work out a compromise budget to present to the governor.

Next week in key meetings:

  • House Ways and Means. The full committee will meet Tuesday one and a half hours after adjournment in 521 Blatt to discuss a full agenda, including a bill dealing with charitable bingo. The meeting will follow several earlier subcommittee meetings. Agenda.

  • House Judiciary. The full committee will meet Tuesday at 2:30 p.m. or an hour and half after adjournment for a full agenda, including a bill allowing citizens to carry concealed weapons into establishments which serve alcohol. Agenda.

  • Senate Ethics. The full committee will hold a hearing Thursday 30 minutes after adjournment in 105 Gressette to discuss the alleged ethical violations of Sen. Robert Ford (D-Charleston). It will continue the next day beginning at 9:30 a.m. Agenda.
Radar Screen

Road funding not even an appetizer

While ethics reform may get the most press and rhetoric, the hot-button topic in the legislature for the rest of this year and probably next year’s session will be road funding, With $20+ billion needed to shore up the state’s infrastructure, everyone wants a solution, but no one has one. The half-billion dollars that the Senate amended into its budget package doesn’t even qualify as an appetizer to fill the hunger for infrastructure improvements.

Palmetto Politics

Haley blows it on ethics

Earlier this week, Gov, Nikki Haley strode to a bank of microphones to push hard for ethics reform. And she did that by criticizing Senate Democrats for allegedly slowing the process. And then, she sought their votes.

Dumb moves, it turns out, because she now has increased the enmity for her in that chamber to nearly the same level she “enjoys” in the House, observers agree. Haley came off as especially tone deaf, according to sources in the Senate Democratic Caucus, since her castigating came on the heels of last week’s revelations that she had taken a campaign-funded photographer with her on state plane trips. One of those trips was a statewide junket during which she introduced her own ethics reform package.

The problem? Many in the Statehouse think she violated state ethics rules on using the state’s plane. Now many across the state are wondering if she is capable of learning from her mistakes. We’ll see.

High praise

House Minority Leader state Rep. Todd Rutherford (D-Columbia) this week put up a bill clearing the way for the state to make medical marijuana legal.

Rutherford, knowing he would get some catcalls, said that a similar bill was put forward and passed in the 1980s in the Statehouse. That bill said it would dovetail with federal laws regarding marijuana use.

With the Obama Administration having announced it would not seek criminal cases against the green stuff, Rutherford argued “there is no reason this body should stand in the way of a substance that a doctor says can ease the suffering of one of this state’s citizens.”

Rutherford said gone are the days when the marijuana had to be smoked, thanks to inventions like “inhalation pens,” similar to the devices smokers use to partake of tobacco in public places.

The matter won’t be taken up until next year.

Close call

Senate Democrats probably got as close this week as they are going to get for the next two years to passing some sort of Medicaid expansion -- but not as close as they are saying publicly.

Earlier this week, the Senate voted 23-19, largely on party lines, to strike down a budget amendment that would have increased state health care programs via Obamacare. But remember, there are 46 senators.

According to the roll call vote, that meant four senators didn’t vote. Three of those had excused absences  - - Democrat Clementa Pinckney of Ridgeland, who was expected to vote for expansion, and Republicans Larry Grooms of Bonneau and Danny Verdin of Laurens, who were expected to vote against expansion. That would have made the vote 25-20 to quash expansion.

So, what about the last available vote, Sen. Luke Rankin (R-Conway)? He was in the building that day but did not vote, per state records.

One observer said that many moderate Republicans would join with Democrats in the Senate and vote for expansion … if it were a secret ballot and there were no political ramifications. Interesting.

Commentary

Pay more than lip service to better government

By Andy Brack, editor and publisher

MAY 24, 2013 -- You really have to wonder whether South Carolina legislators fully embrace the whole spirit of more accountability and transparency that they squawk about when elections roll around.

With just a couple of weeks left of this year’s legislative session, there’s real concern by some about whether lawmakers will pass a package of ethics reforms being pushed since two recent high profile ethics inquiries. 

The first involved Gov. Nikki Haley, who was accused but cleared of lobbying for business as a state representative. Subsequently, Haley empanelled a special ethics policy group to recommend reforms. 

The second involved House Speaker Bobby Harrell, whose hundreds of thousands of dollars of campaign reimbursements for plane trips last year brought scrutiny, only to be followed by an ethics complaint for using his influence to get business for his drug repackaging company. Harrell returned some of the plane money to his campaign account and has vociferously denied allegations of impropriety. While an investigation continues, Harrell’s House passed ethics reform earlier this year.

The holdup now is in the state Senate, which is expected to consider ethics now that it has finished the budget. But there’s been some finger-pointing of late with Haley saying Democrats were slowing down a bill while others said a few GOP senators were doing the same thing.

S.C. Policy Council President Ashley Landess, who made the ethics complaint this year about Harrell, is angry about the whole mess. She says proposed ethics reforms really won’t do much to change a culture of corruption that sets South Carolina’s government apart from other states.

“This whole debate is not about ethics reform -- that’s the term they use in the Statehouse,” she said a few days after Haley had a press conference pushing for ethics changes. “This is about corruption, period. Concentration of power in secrecy is a recipe for corruption every time, any time.”

What’s got her miffed -- and she’s got a good point -- is that the current ethics proposals on the table don’t go far enough. Yes, they would give more much-needed authority to the state Ethics Commission to probe complaints against lawmakers, but legislators generally still would be the ultimate arbiter of punishments. Yes, they call for more income disclosure, closing campaign loopholes and getting rid of leadership fund-raising committees, but the proposals aren’t broad enough or have much teeth.

Even more troubling is that so-called ethics reforms don’t address lots of other continuing problems with accountability and transparency at the Statehouse.

An example: the way elected representatives cozy together to elect family members as trustees to state colleges and universities. In recent weeks, lawmakers elected 10 trustees with ties to family members, including at least one who didn’t meet filing deadlines.

“If the members of the General Assembly already know who they want in the position, that’s who’s getting the seat,” said Charleston philanthropist Susan Pearlstine, who lost a seat on the MUSC board to a brother of state Rep. Leon Stavrinakis, D-Charleston. “There were so many examples of that with the legislator’s relatives.”

You’d think such legislative collusion would spark outrage to upend the way trustee candidates are screened by requiring them to meet certain standards and involving institutions more. Nope. Instead, lawmakers took a couple of days of bad headlines and moved on with the good-ole-boy system that’s worked for them for years.

There are lots of things the General Assembly could change if it were really serious about increasing transparency and accountability about state government. It could strengthen open records laws, create competitive legislative districts, open the budgeting process more, reduce the overwhelming legislative influence for appointments on countless boards and commissions, and shine sunshine on the process that millions of state tax dollars are awarded as incentives to big businesses that want to move here.

Even if state lawmakers have time this year to pass the ethics reforms that are on the table now, they still have a lot of work to do if they want to make “accountability and transparency” more than an election-time gimmick.

Andy Brack is publisher of Statehouse ReportYou can reach Brack at: brack@statehousereport.com.

Spotlight

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My Turn

What's I've learned over 30 years

By REBA CAMPBELL
Special to Statehouse Report

EDITOR’S NOTE: Reba Campbell, deputy executive director of the Municipal Association of South Carolina, sent an email around to friends and colleagues about lessons learned in 30 years in business. We thought you’d enjoy these tips as smart things to do for anybody in the workplace as well as new grads starting out in new jobs.

 MAY 24, 2013 -- Yesterday marked the 30th anniversary of my first day in the work world.  I walked into 128 Cannon House Office Building at the U.S. Capitol and started my job as a receptionist for Congressman Robin Tallon after he hired me, sight unseen, over the phone three weeks earlier. It had been nine days since I crossed the stage at USC to get my journalism degree (and paid some $300 to settle up my parking tickets).

I had a head full of big permed hair, big expectations and little idea of what I was supposed to do as an employed and fully responsible adult. Looking back, I didn’t have specific career goals in mind at that point, but I did know what I was good at and the type of work I wanted to pursue. Here, 30 years later, I’ve been fortunate to have a rewarding career that combines my love of writing, communications and politics with my curiosity about people and places.

In 1983, I never dreamed my jobs would give me the chance to travel with a congressional delegation to Taiwan; raise money for causes I believe in; lobby the legislature and Congress for millions of dollars; ride in a fire truck; bike the Golden Gate bridge; get published in national magazines; pick tobacco; work with great S.C. mayors; have pictures made with famous people like Tip O’Neill and Mister Rogers; visit 38 states; work on national, state and local campaigns; stand at the podium in the White House press room; or be in the Statehouse dome the day the Confederate flag came down.

I’ve figured out a few things along the way that I wish someone had told that 22-year old with big hair walking into her first day on the job. Maybe the thoughts below will be helpful to others just starting out.

  • Establish you own personal brand. Decide what you want your reputation in the workplace to be and let your actions define you. Keep promises and make deadlines. Under-promise and over-deliver. Avoid behavior in your personal life that could reflect negatively in your professional life (even more true today with all the risks of social media in the mix).

  • Seek a mentor. Most mentor relationships happen naturally rather than being established formally. Be on the look-out for them. I bet my best mentors probably don’t know they even served that role.

  • Keep up with the news every day. Read the paper, check news websites and blogs, listen to NPR on the way to work. Know what’s in the news about your organization or industry before your boss or client asks.

  • Get away from your desk and walk outside at some point during the day. Even if it’s just to walk around the block or grab a sandwich, your brain needs natural light and a whiff of fresh air, and your body needs to stretch.

  • Common-sense lessons for excelling in the workplace -- for a new grad or someone trying to navigate office politics.
    Plan the work before you work the plan. Having no plan gets you nowhere. Plans will change either by force or circumstance. Be flexible, but have a plan regardless of whether it’s a work project, a trip, a major purchase or an important life decision.

  • Don’t pass up any chance to learn. Find out what your boss or leaders in your profession are reading (books, professional publications, websites, etc). Seek professional development opportunities – even pay for them yourself if necessary.

  • Go to your boss with a solution, not a problem. Your boss is problem-solving all day. Make her life easier by presenting a solution when you present a problem. Even if it’s not the solution that ultimately solves the problem, it keeps your boss from dreading seeing you at the door.

  • Write thank-you and follow-up notes (hand-written, not email). Technology is good, but the personal touch still matters.

  • Travel any chance you get.

  • Be interested and inquisitive. Ask good questions and ask them often.   Speak up when you have something to offer, but remember to balance your enthusiasm with senior level colleagues’ experience.

  • Remember everyone carries their own sack of rocks. You never know what type of personal issues the co-worker who missed a deadline is dealing with at home or with his family.

  • Create your own personal style. That doesn’t mean wearing flip flops in a formal corporate environment. Add a spot of color, interesting jewelry, fun scarves or punchy bags…just don’t look exactly like everyone else.

  • Don’t come to work sick. No one appreciates the stuffy-nosed martyr. That’s why you have sick days.

  • Strive for work/life balance, even though it’s never really balanced. The balance will probably fluctuate daily, but  creative outlets, exercise and hobbies make you a more valuable (and sane) employee.
Feedback

Thanks for attention to poverty

To the editor:

Good to see someone or group with influence focus on deeply entrenched poverty in our region.  [Brack commentary, May 17, 2013] Thank you.

-- Carol McClain, Florence, S.C.

Missed real reason causing gerrymandering

To the editor:

You failed to mention the real reason for the political balkanization of political districts [Brack commentary, May 10, 2013] in this and other, mostly Southern, states. Clearly it is because of the mandates of the Voting Rights Act of 1964, and its interpretation and enforcement by the Civil Right division of the U.S. Department of Justice.

The act required the creation of "electable majority minority districts" and once created to the department's  satisfaction, sometimes as high as 60 percent minority voting age population, no regression was thereafter acceptable. No article on this subject is complete, or accurate, without at least a mention of these legal requirements.

-- H. Samuel Stilwell, Greenville, S.C. 

NOTE: Stilwell, a Greenville lawyer, is a retired judge of the S.C. Court of Appeals and a former Republican state senator.

Gerrymandering helped Sanford

To the editor:

After the last presidential election, a large section of north of Charleston was annexed from the First Congressional District to the Sixth.   This gerrymandering [Brack commentary, May 10, 2013] was to benefit minority Congressman Jim Clyburn.   The loss of an area with a large population of lower middle class and working poor helped in the election of Mark Sanford. 

-- Donald Windburn, Charleston, S.C.

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Scorecard

From (more) kindergarten to (less) Haley

Kindergarten. Hats off to the state Senate for adding $30 million to its budget to enhance funding for 4-year-old public kindergarten.

Boy Scouts. Will all troops in South Carolina welcome gay scouts? More.

Medicaid. The Senate killed expansion talks for once and all … or until next year. More.

Hurricanes.   There’s a busy season projected for state coast.  Yikes! More.

Haley. New song? Nikki is the queen of ethics reform, there is none higher / Sucker ethics reformers should call her “sire” / Won’t stop reforming ethics until she retires … Whatever. More.

Stegelin

Just walk it off


RECENT STEGELIN: 5/17 | 5/10 | 5/3 | 4/26
credits

Statehouse Report

Editor and Publisher: Andy Brack
Senior Editor: Bill Davis
Contributing Photographer: Michael Kaynard

Phone: 843.670.3996

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Excerpts from The South Carolina Encyclopedia are published with permission and copyrighted 2006 by the Humanities Council SC. Excerpts were edited by Walter Edgar and published by the University of South Carolina Press. Statehouse Report has partnered with USC Press to provide readers with this interesting weekly historical excerpt about the state. Republication is not allowed. For additional information about Statehouse Report, including information on underwriting, go to http://www.statehousereport.com/.